About Periodontal Disease

About Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is dangerous in that it is often painless and symptomless. 80% of Americans will be afflicted with periodontal disease by age 45, and 4 out of 5 patients with the disease are unaware they have it. It is important to maintain proper home oral care and regular dentist visits to reduce the risk of obtaining this disease.

What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is an ongoing infection of the gums that gradually destroys the support of natural teeth. Periodontal disease affects one or more of the periodontal tissues: alveolar bone, periodontal ligament, cementum, or gingiva. There are many diseases which affect the tooth-supporting structures. However, plaque-induced inflammatory lesions make up the majority of periodontal issues, and are divided into two categories: gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the less serious of these two diseases and while gingivitis may never progress into periodontitis, it always precedes periodontitis.

In genetically-susceptible individuals, the primary cause of gingivitis is dental plaque. Plaque is a sticky colorless film, composed primarily of food particles and various types of bacteria, which adhere to teeth at and below the gum line. Plaque constantly forms on teeth, even minutes after cleaning. Bacteria found in plaque produce toxins or poisons that irritate the gums. Gums may become inflamed, red, swollen, and bleed easily. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth causing pockets (spaces) to form. If daily brushing and flossing is neglected, plaque can also harden into a rough, porous substance known as calculus (or tartar). This can occur both above and below the gum line.

If gingivitis progresses into periodontitis, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds teeth in place deteriorates. The progressive loss of this bone, the alveolar, can lead to loosening and subsequent loss of teeth. Periodontitis is affected by bacteria that adhere to the tooth’s surface, along with an overly aggressive immune response to these bacteria.

When is Periodontal Treatment Necessary?

Periodontal treatment is necessary when various conditions affect the health of your gums and the regions of your jawbone that hold your teeth in place. Retaining your teeth is directly dependent on proper periodontal care and maintenance. Healthy gums enhance the appearance of your teeth, like a frame around a beautiful painting. When your gums become unhealthy, they can either recede or become swollen and red. In later stages, the supporting bone is destroyed and your teeth will shift, loosen, or fall out. These changes not only affect your ability to chew and speak. They also spoil your smile.

Click to open a larger map

107 Grand Central Blvd, Suite 206
Pooler, GA 31322
(912) 988-1907

Spread the Word

Please take a moment to leave a review at Google Places or like us on Facebook

Patient Feedback
Patient Reviews